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Fluorine

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Fluorine
Fluorine
Identification
Symbol
F
Block
P-Block
Group
Group 17
Period
Period 2
Atomic Information
Atomic Number
9
Atomic Radius
64 pm
Mass
19
Category
Standard state(298 K)
Gas
Electronic Configuration
[He]2s2,2p5
Electronegativity (Pauling)
Unknown
Unknown
First ionisation energy
Unknown
Physical Properties
Color
Pale yellow
Melting Point
53.48 K
Boiling Point
85.03 K
Density of solid
Unknown
Unknown
Heat Properties
Enthalpy of fusion
Unknown
Enthalpy of atomisation
Unknown
Enthalpy of vaporisation
Unknown

Fluorine is a highly toxic pale-yellow diatomic gas with an atomic number of 9. Fluorine is extremely reactive: even noble gases form compounds with it(Noble gases are really not at all as noble as we think of them. They still react with some non metals like fluorine).

1
H
2
He
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
55
Cs
56
Ba
* 72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
87
Fr
88
Ra
** 104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Uut
114
Fl
115
Uup
116
Lv
117
Uus
118
Uuo


* 57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
** 89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr


Properties

Fluorine atoms have nine electrons, one fewer than neon, and electron configuration 1s22s22p5: two electrons in a filled inner shell and seven in an outer shell requiring one more to be filled. The outer electrons are ineffective at nuclear shielding, and experience a high effective nuclear charge of 9 − 2 = 7; this affects the atom's physical properties.

It has a high electron affinity, second only to chlorine, and the highest electronegativity of any element.

Burning Fluorine and its colour

Fluorine - Periodic Table of Videos-006:42

Fluorine - Periodic Table of Videos-0

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