Science is the systemised and organized knowledge about the various natural phenomena which is obtained by careful experimentation, keen observation, and accurate reasoning. It has two main branches, (a)physical sciences, (b) biological sciences.
Scientific Attitude and Method
Scientific attitude requires flexible, open-minded approach towards solving problems in which other important points of view are not neglected.
The step by step approach used by a scientist in studying natural phenomena and establishing laws which govern these phenomena, is called Scientific method. The steps involved in scientific method are:-
- experimentation and observation
- formation of hypothesis
- verification of hypothesis, and
- theoretical predictions